Title Image


Project Type: Publication

Jahr: 2018

Publisher: Birkhäuser

Language: German / English

ISBN: 978-3-0356-1613-2

Editors: Marianne Birthler,
Lars Krückeberg, Wolfram Putz und Thomas Willemeit

Project management: Nora Zerelli

Editorial Team: Felix Torkar, Nora Zerelli

Illustration editing and research assitence: Marta Busnelli, Julia Dorn, Laura Harnisch, Ameli Klein, Verena Otto

Editorial supervision and project management Birkhäuser: Henriette Mueller-Stahl

Translation from German into English: Julian Reisenberger

Translation from English into German: Roland Pawlitschko

Copy editing: Michael Wachholz

Transliterations: Amy LaBranch, Helena Reiners

Layout,cover design and typography: PROXI.ME: Christian Schärmer, Rein Steger, Max Schmieding, Maria Martí Vigil

Production: Amelie Solbrig

Lithography: Oriol Rigat

Paper: 110g/m2 Amber Graphic

Typefaces: Akzidenz Grotesk, Exil71

Printing: DZA Druckerei zu Altenburg GmbH

Catalog photos: Max Schmieding, PROXI.ME

With a foreword by Federal President Frank-Walter Steinmeier


In 2018, Germany will be reunified for 28 years–exactly as long as the inner German border wall (1961–1989) existed. In the German Pavilion at the 2018 Architecture Biennale in Venice, GRAFT architects–Lars Krückeberg, Wolfram Putz and Thomas Willemeit–together with the German politician Marianne Birthler take this parallel as an opportunity to explore the effects of division and the process of healing as a dynamic spatial phenomenon.


This accompanying publication examines prominent examples of urban and architectural design that have arisen along the course of the former border strip since the reunification and address aspects of division and integration. Special focus is given to the site of the former Berlin Wall. In a series of essays, renowned architects, urban planners and political commentators examine the urban and social manifestations and implications of these developments. The publication also responds to current debates on nations, protectionism and division. As the world grows together, walls are increasingly being discussed and built that divide people from one another.


Introduction by the Curators
Marianne Birthler, Lars Krückeberg,
Wolfram Putz, Thomas Willemeit
40 Years of Division need 40 Years to Heal
Marianne Birthler
Approaches to the Space of the Former
Berlin Wall after its Political Fall
Axel Klausmeier
The Iron Curtain Trail—A European Cycle
Michael Cramer
John Kornblum
Berlin—City of Doubles
Thomas Krüger
Biographies in Concrete
Michael Pilz
Unbuilding Walls—Building Peace
Scilla Elworthy
Rebuilding Regions—German Reunification
as an Infrastructural Challenge
Wolfgang Tiefensee
Berlin—City of Freedom and Dancing
Jochen Sandig
Interview with Daniel Libeskind
Interview with Bruno Flierl
The Slow Departure from a Dual City
Hans Stimmann
The Berlin Palace: Desire, Denial and Hope
Kristin Feireiss
Unheard(-of) Ideas
Lars Krückeberg, Wolfram Putz, Thomas

The S-Bahn and Ringbahn Overground Rail Network
East Side Gallery
Parliament of Trees
Utopias of Emptiness
Potsdamer Platz Architecture Competition
Potsdamer Platz and Leipziger Platz
Luisenstadt Canal, Engelbecken and Treehouse by the Wall
Checkpoint Charlie
Schützenstrasse Quarter
Band des Bundes—Federal Ribbon
Pariser Platz
Checkpoint Bravo/Drewitz Freeway Border Crossing
Rudolphstein Bridge over the River Saale
Berlin Wall Memorial
Landscape Gardens on the Border to Potsdam
Mödlareuth Museum and Memorial Site
Point Alpha Memorial
Landwehr Canal
Axel Springer Campus
Brommy Bridge
“Freiheit” Garden Colony
Deserted Villages

Photo Essay International Border Walls:
Kai Wiedenhöfer